Yarsan people are continually exposed to pervasive discrimination by Islamic Republic of Iran. This discrimination applies to all personal and social affairs, including involvement in political affairs, the right to interfere in the decision-making organs, the native language education, the labor market, acquiring government jobs, free education, religious practice, and the right to create prayer centers.
December tenth, 1948, Resolution No. 217, which has been prepared by Eleanor Roosevelt President of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, was approved by The United Nations General Assembly in Paris, in favor of 48 countries, including Iran, against 8 abstentions and no votes against. This historic document that was the result of the end of World War II, was recognized as a common standard of human rights.
The announcement is the world’s most important event in the history of human rights, because main international organ determined the most basic rights for all without distinction. From that date, declaration been used as an important tool for the study of human rights by member states of the United Nations.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights in which thirty articles about equal rights for all people regardless of race, nationality, sex, color, language, political opinion, or any other social status is determined.
The main drawback is that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights signatory states have no obligation to enforce it. Many countries that have dictatorships and authoritarian, with not respecting the declaration, violate the rights of its citizens, without this act of condemnation, which is only symbolic, do not leads to another response by the United Nations and other international organizations.
But while sixty-eight years of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was passing by, the Islamic Republic of Iran, as a signatory is known to break many of its provisions. The first article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that all people are born free and equal in dignity and rights. But the Islamic Republic of Iran, by ignoring this paragraph of the Declaration, has ranked its citizens based on religious, language and national affiliation. So, the followers of “Yari religion” unrecognized religion, and nationality of the Kurds, are considered as the Iranians most disadvantaged citizenry. The followers of this religion are known to Yarsan, the population is estimated to be a half to two million people, mostly Iranian and live in Kermanshah Province and other western provinces of the country. I think the main cause of violations of this minority rights, is refusal to acknowledge the existence of such a religious minority in the Islamic Republic’s constitution. The so-called open all governmental and nongovernmental institutions for ignoring the rights of the followers of this religion. Among other consequences of this lack of rights, are denial of employment in public places, lack of representation in decision-making at the municipal level and national organizations and academic problems. This discrimination has led to many social problems such as encouraging religious extremists to suppress, insults and destruction of holy places is related to the religious minority.
The behavior of the Iranian government with Yarsan people and other minorities violates the second paragraph of the declaration as well. The Article states that anyone can without any distinction as to race, color, sex, language, religion, nationality, political opinion, and social status benefits all freedoms mentioned in the Declaration. Unlike Article III of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Yarsan people and other minorities do not enjoy the security and personal freedom.
Article V No one shall be subjected to torture or statement said the punishment or cruel treatment against their human dignity. Since the Islamic Republic of Iran has come, torture and rape of honor and dignity of prisoners in Iranian prisons continued.
In Article VI of the Declaration states that everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law. As mentioned earlier, the Islamic system of human rights law is classified based on gender and religion, men have more rights than women and Muslim and non-Muslim do not have equal right.
From the perspective of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s judicial authorities the rights of religious minorities are far less. This injustice is a violation of Title VII of the Declaration which states ” All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. They all are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination”.
In the Islamic Republic of Iran will not be paying attention to Article IX Declaration of Human Rights. This Article states, “No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile”. Arbitrary attacks and arrests by state security is a common practice, thousands of innocent people remain in prison in Iran for many years without conviction.
Iran’s Islamic government policy on the private lives of people also violates Article XII of the Declaration that states, No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home, or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honors and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks. But interference in the affairs of citizens live has become one of the regimes foundations of power. Regime under various pretexts, including women dress, where the government sees as a threat to its existence, determines private lives of all citizens. The regime’s strict censorship on the media and its military presence in institutions and places of assembly, is denied freedom of expression of citizens, the measure violates Article XIX of the declaration.
Yarsan and other minorities in Iran, have not the right to peaceful assembly to demand their rights that have been violated. This is contrary to Article Twenty of Declaration of Human Rights, which states that that. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. And no one may be compelled to belong to an association.
Depriving citizens of politics and administration of the country because of political affiliation, national and sexual in Islamic system have been institutionalized and legally. This violates Article Twenty-One Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Millions of Iranian citizens for various reasons being deprived to have a voice in countries political organs. For example, in Article 115 of the constitution states that the President shall be man and belong the state official religion (Shia).
Iran’s leaders know very well that if the human rights are respected, the system state does not meet the wish of the people for social and individual freedom. Therefore, the government on the pretext that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights did not consider the concepts of culture and Islamic traditions, consider it as a flawed document.
Despite the yearly condemnation of the Islamic Republic of Iran by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and repeated appeals from international human rights organizations to respect its domestic and international obligations, the country continued violation of human rights. Perhaps it is time that international community take serious steps toward implementing the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Otherwise, this Declaration has no meaning for the Yarsan people and other deprived people in society.